What my Doctoral Thesis Taught me: Tennis Training for the Future Champions

Coaches teach tennis from the point of “racquet-ball” rather than movement and timing. Interception has two aspects, movement towards the ball to intercept it and create an impact point. This can differ from the concept of the hitting in which player can wait for the ball to approach before the impact. Even with the perfect contact point in which the ball lands at the string bed at the sweet spot, if the momentum of the hitter’s racquet movement does not match the movement momentum of the incoming ball, the stroke will not be satisfactory in intensity and direction

SPLIT STEP AIR PHASE

One of the greatest challenges of the dynamic tennis environment is a creation of a quick and accurate decision of the physical response (movement) corresponding to the technical-tactical intentions of the opponents’ striking actions. By prioritizing the needs of high-speed reactions, expert tennis players tend to decide of the movement direction and intensity while still being above the ground, at the air phase of the split step, as proposed by Uzu et al. (2009). From there the decision of the movement intensity and direction corresponds to receiver gathering information while increasing the much-needed muscle spindle sensitivity of the leg muscles before the ground contact, moving their center of mass away towards the edges of their support base.

打撃姿勢がフォアハンドのメカニックに与える影響

脚と体幹の質量が大きい低速筋群は、前進する腰へのエネルギー伝達の主要な源であるレッグドライブとして、直線的な運動量に大きく寄与しています。大きな筋肉群が前方への運動量に大きく寄与するという概念から、効率的なレッグドライブを生み出すバッターの能力に関する観察者の認識は、ストロークの意図を予測する上で重要な情報を提供することができます。体幹の回転は、外旋負荷の角度によって、ボールの方向とペースについて非常に有益な情報を提供することができます。オープンスタンスに比べ、スクウェアスタンスでのストロークでは、腕の内旋とトルクの値が著しく高くなり、ボールの攻撃性と貫通性に寄与することが研究により明らかになった

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