Principle of ITP (Individualized Training Program)

When working with the group of athletes, instead of creating the one fits all type, the program should be created based on the individual athletes’ strengths and weaknesses.

How do the athletes respond to the training dosage may differ most likely due to the difference in their age, gender, genetics, physical talents and abilities, lifestyle etc. Physiological responses to a particular training stimulus can be largely predicted but the precise level of adaptations varies among individuals. The direction of training adaptations can be somehow predicted but the magnitude strictly depends on the individual genetic characteristics.

Individualized monitoring allows coaches to identify those who are and who are not responding properly to the training program. Monitoring systems that incorporate training load measures, physiological systems, subjective wellness and ratings of the physical performance are very important elements in high-performance sport programs. Monitoring can reduce the training errors when the athlete can not adapt to the training load and therefore assist in the injury prevention and reversing the inefficient training process. Even, it may be used to predict and prevent the illness in athlete, minimizing the time of the missed training sessions and therefore making the whole training process more efficient. For coach to understand how do errors occur, he has to adapt to the individualized monitoring approach, as every athlete responds and tolerate differently the training load.

If we consider the fact that the training program is build from the numerous smaller, every day sessions based on the relationships load/response (dosage+athlete reaction=performance), it comes to the conclusion that there is a high need to be very dedicated and serious involved on every day bases into:

1. Understanding the athlete
2. Understanding the importance of the well balanced relationship between the training loads and athlete’s physiological and psychological state
3. Keeping the healthy relationship between the training load and athlete response (physiological and psychological)
4. Manage these relationships efficiently for the sake of the athlete’s well being and performance progression

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